Westerners like Muslims, so long as there’s not too many of them?

Relying on experimental games and a formal model, we show that the generosity of rooted French toward Muslims is significantly decreased with the increase of Muslims in their midst, and demonstrate that these results are driven by the activation of rooted French taste-based discrimination against Muslims when Muslim numbers increase.

…the perception by Europeans of a symbolic, rather than actual threat, accounts for
the increase in Europeans’ anti-immigrant attitudes when the relative size of the immigrant
community increases.

A new paper from Adida, Laitin and Valfort.