Alex Tabarrok reports what happens when you give computers to children in Romania. Computer homework does not change. Computer use goes up due mainly to… computer games.
with all that game playing going on, the authors find that the voucher program actually resulted in a decline in grades although there was also some evidence for an increase in computer proficiency and perhaps some improvement in a cognitive test.
In fairness to the one laptop per child people, who could have predicted such a result?